Question: A person [intending to perform the congregational prayer] finds the imaam in the final tashahhud, should he join the congregation or wait for another congregation [to gather for the prayer]? Provide us with a ruling and may Allaah reward you with good.
Response: If a person [intending to perform the congregational prayer] enters and the imaam is in the final tashahhud, then if he anticipates the gathering of another congregation he should not join the imaam, and if he does not anticipate the gathering of another congregation then he should join him. This is because the preponderant opinion is that the [reward for the] congregational prayer is not attained unless one joins the prayer before the final rukoo’ – due to the generality of his (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) statement:
((Whoever catches the [final] rak’ah of the prayer, then he has attained the [reward for the congregational] prayer)), [transmitted by al-Bukhaaree – 580 and Muslim – 607]
And just as the [reward for the] jumu’ah [prayer] is not attained unless one joins the prayer before the final rukoo’, likewise is the case for the congregation[al prayer].
So, if he finds the imaam in the final tashahhud, [and joins the congregation] then he will not have attained the [reward for the] congregation[al prayer], otherwise he can wait [the gathering of another congregation] and pray with this [new] congregation. If however he does not anticipate the gathering of another congregation, then his joining the imaam in whatever is left of the [final] tashahhud is better than abstaining from it.
Whoever forgets [to perform] the maghrib prayer, and then remembers it when he is [just starting the prayer by] saying “Allaahu Akbar” for the maghrib prayer the following day, then he is required to [immediately] break his prayer, and then make up the missed [maghrib prayer from the day before] and then pray the current maghrib [prayer].
Who is Allah?
Allah the Almighty Himself answers this question in His saying,
Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [Al-Baqarah: 255] Continue reading
Where Did God Come From?
Both the Bible and the Quran tell us God has always existed and there never was a time He did not exit. As such, He is the Eternal, without beginning and without end. He is the only creator and sustainer of all that exists and nothing and no one exists alongside Him, nor does He have any partners. He tells us, He is not created, nor is He like His creation in anyway. He calls Himself by a number of names and three of them are: Continue reading
The Prophet’s (saas) patience
Throughout the period of his mission, the Prophet Muhammad (saas) experienced all manner of difficulty. Deniers and polytheists, from among his own people, insulted him most terribly, even calling him a magician or a madman. Others wanted to kill him and even schemed to do so. Despite all that, the Prophet (saas) tried to teach people of all backgrounds and cultures about the Qur’an, and therefore about proper morality and good behavior.
As Allah revealed in the verses of the Qur’an, some people had not the slightest idea of the basics of good manners, for which reason it never entered their minds that they might appall someone who possessed superior morality. The Prophet (saas) displayed the greatest patience in this circumstances, turning to Allah and asking for His help in all situations and encouraging believers to patience and submission. Continue reading
The Prophet (saas) warned against idolatry
|One of the most important errors that the Prophet (saas) has warned against is associating partners with Allah (shirk). As can be seen from the verses of the Qur’an, the Prophet (saas) always told people that Allah is the only God, that nothing had any power apart from Allah, and warned them against idolatry. He was commanded to do this in many verses, some of which read: Continue reading|
Narrated `Abdullah bin Mas`ud : The Prophet recited Suratan−Najm (103) at Mecca and prostrated while reciting it and those who were with him did the same except an old man who took a handful of small stones or earth and lifted it to his forehead and said, "This is sufficient for me." Later on, I saw him killed as a non−believer. Bukhari 2/174.
Narrated Shu'aib: I asked Az−Zuhri, "Did the Prophet ever offer the Fear Prayer?" Az−Zuhri said, "I was told by Salim that `Abdullah bin `Umar I had said, 'I took part in a holy battle with Allah's Apostle I in Najd. We faced the enemy and arranged ourselves in rows. Then Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) stood up to lead the prayer and one party stood to pray with him while the other faced the enemy. Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) and the former party bowed and performed two prostrations. Then that party left and took the place of those who had not prayed. Allah's Apostle prayed one rak`a (with the latter) and performed two prostrations and finished his prayer with Taslim. Then everyone of them bowed once and performed two prostrations individually.' " Bukhari 2/64
Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) saying, "We (Muslims) are the last (to come) but (will be) the foremost on the Day of Resurrection though the former nations were given the Holy Scriptures before us. And this was their day (Friday) the celebration of which was made compulsory for them but they differed about it. So Allah gave us the guidance for it (Friday) and all the other people are behind us in this respect: the Jews' (holy day is) tomorrow (i.e. Saturday) and the Christians' (is) the day after tomorrow (i.e. Sunday)." 2.2: Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Anyone of you attending the Friday (prayers) should take a bath. Bukhari 2/1
Narrated Anas: The people mentioned the fire and the bell (they suggested those as signals to indicate the starting of prayers), and by that they mentioned the Jews and the Christians. Then Bilal was ordered to pronounce Adhan for the prayer by saying its wordings twice, and for the Iqama (the call for the actual standing for the prayers in rows) by saying its wordings once. (Iqama is pronounced when the people are ready for the prayer). 1.578: Narrated Ibn `Umar: When the Muslims arrived at Medina, they used to assemble for the prayer, and used to guess the time for it. During those days, the practice of Adhan for the prayers had not been introduced yet. Once they discussed this problem regarding the call for prayer. Some people suggested the use of a bell like the Christians, others proposed a trumpet like the horn used by the Jews, but `Umar was the first to suggest that a man should call (the people) for the prayer; so Allah's Apostle ordered Bilal to get up and pronounce the Adhan for prayers. Bukhari 1/577.