By the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. All Praise is due to Allah, and may the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Allah’s Messenger, and upon his family, companions, and whoever follows his guidance.
What has authentically been reported from the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam confirms the fact that there is much latitude with respect to the number of raka’at to be performed in the night prayer, and that there is no definite number. But it is the Sunnah (way of the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) that the believer, male and female, pray in pairs of twos, making taslim after every two.
Amongst these narrations is that which has been reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim in the hadith of Ibn ‘Umar radiallahu ‘anhu, that the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Salat Al-Layl (the night prayer) is in pairs of two, and whosoever amongst you fears the break of dawn, let him pray one rak’ah, for it will be a Witr for all the raka’at he has previously offered.”
And his saying, “Salat Al-Layl is in pairs of two,” is a declarative statement, but has the implication [in Usul ul-Fiqh] of a command; it is equivalent to his saying, “Pray in the night in pairs of two.” Continue reading
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Question: What is the ruling regarding the one who has days of fasting remaining from the month of Ramadhaan yet wishes to fast voluntary fasts or fast the day of ‘Aashooraa. (tenth day of Muharram)? For example, he wants to fast both the tenth and eleventh days with the intention of making up (the missed fasts of Ramadhaan) and not the fast of the day of ‘Aashooraa. Also, is it permissible for one to fast the day of ‘Aashooraa., even if he has fasts to make up from the month of Ramadhaan? And is it permissible for one who has days to make up from Ramadhaan to fast the Day of ‘Aashooraa. and the day before it or the day after it, with the intention of making up (what he has missed)? Continue reading
Question: Someone used to fast the six (days) of Shawwaal. If he (then) becomes ill or something prevents him from fasting or he just becomes lazy from fasting in a particular year, is there any sin upon him, because we have heard that whoever fasts them (six days of Shawwaal) in (any particular) year then it is obligatory for him not to leave them (i.e. continue to fast them every year)?
Response: The fasting of the six (days) of Shawwaal after the day of ‘Eed (al-Fitr) is a Sunnah, and it is not obligatory upon whoever fasts them once or more (than once) to continue fasting them, and there is no sin upon whoever leaves off fasting them.
And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.
The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa, comprising –
Head: Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abdullaah ibn Baaz;
Deputy Head: Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee
Fataawa Ramadhaan – Volume 2, Page 696, Fatwa No.702;
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa., Fatwa No.7306