AL-QURAN
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Al-Fathby Saud Al-Shuraim
فِي أَدْنَى الْأَرْضِ وَهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ غَلَبِهِمْ سَيَغْلِبُونَ
In the neighbouring land. But having been conquered they will conquer

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General Fatwa

Question

I heard that fasting the day of ‘Ashoora’ expiates for the past year, is this true? 
Does it expiate for everything, even major sins? What is the reason for venerating this day?.

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

Firstly: 

Fasting the day of ‘Ashoora’ does expiate for the past year, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Fasting the day of ‘Arafah I hope Allaah will expiate thereby for the year before it and the year after it, and fasting the day of ‘Ashoora’ I hope Allaah will expiate thereby for the year that came before it.” Narrated by Muslim, 1162. This is by the bounty that Allaah bestows upon us, whereby fasting one day expiates for the sins of a whole year. And Allaah is the Owner of great bounty. 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to be very keen to make sure he fasted on the day of ‘Ashoora’ because of its great status. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I never saw the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) so keen to make sure he fasted any day and preferring it over another except this day, the day of ‘Ashoora’, and this month – meaning Ramadaan. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1867. 

What is meant by being keen to make sure he fasted it is so as to earn its reward. 

Secondly: 

With regard to the reason why the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fasted on the day of ‘Ashoora’ and urged the people to do likewise is mentioned in the hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhaari (1865) from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to Madeenah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Ashoora’. He said, “What is this?” They said, “This is a good day, this is the day when Allaah saved the Children of Israel from their enemy and Moosa fasted on this day.” He said, “We are closer to Moosa than you.” So he fasted on this day and told the people to fast. 

The words “this is a good day” – according to a version narrated by Muslim, “This is a great day when Allaah saved Moosa and his people and drowned Pharaoh and his people.” 

The words “so Moosa fasted on this day” – Muslim added in his report: “In gratitude to Allaah, so that is we fast on this day.” 

According to another version narrated by al-Bukhaari, “So we fast it out of respect for it.” 

The words “and told the people to fast” – according to another version narrated by al-Bukhaari, “He said to his companions, ‘You are closer to Moosa than them, so fast this day.” 

Thirdly: 

The expiation of sins that is achieved by fasting ‘Ashoora’ refers to minor sins; with regard to major sins, they need separate repentance. 

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: 

Fasting the day of ‘Arafaah expiates for all minor sins, in othr words this brings forgiveness for all sins except for major sins. 

Then he said: 

 

Fasting the day of ‘Arafaah is an expiation for two years, and the day of ‘Ashoora is an expiation for one year, and if a person’s Ameen coincides with the Ameen of the angels, his previous sins will be forgiven… Each of the things mentioned may bring expiation. If he does something that expiates for minor sins he will be expiated, and if there are no minor or major sins, it will be recorded for him as good deeds and he will rise in status thereby… If there is one or more major sins and no minor sins, we hope that it will reduce his major sins.  Al-Majmoo’ Sharh al-Muhadhdhab, part 6. 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The expiation of purification, prayer, and fasting Ramadaan, ‘Arafah and ‘Ashoora’ applies to minor sins only.  Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24844alsh3erAllah the almighty, sent the last prophet Mohammad ( pbuh ) to rescue and guide  the humanity to the right path. In addition, Allah the almighty revealed the guided book to be the last book to guide humanbeings to their creator who deserves to be worshipped. By sending the prophet Mohammad ( pbuh ) and revealing the holy Qura’an , the message of Islam was completed and perfected and no one can increase or decrease anything upon it and no one also has an excuse to avoid or to be away of this universal religion, which carries all happiness , welfare and justice for all mankind. Allah said in the holy Qura’an ( اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا) which means ” I have perfected your religion for you, comleted my favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”. Moreover, Allah the almighty told us through his messenger ( pbuh ) that the Qura’an guides to that which is the most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers who work deeds of righteousness , that they shall have a great reward ( the paradise ). Qura’an 15/400.

Ruling concerning wishing for death due to harm that has come

Question: I have faced so many difficulties in my life that it has made me hate this life. Every time I turned to Allaah, I pleaded for Him to take my life away from me at the earliest. This is my wish until now as I do not see any solutions to my problems except death; it is the only thing that can save me from this punishment. Is this behavior forbidden for me? Continue reading

He had stolen a camel and instructed his son to return it after his death

Question: The Shaykh was asked regarding a bedouin man who had stolen a camel, and when death approached him he instructed his son to return it (to it`s owner), however, his son does not know who the owner is?

Response: He should estimate the current price of the camel, i.e. on the day he intends to return (the camel) and not the day the camel was stolen, and then he should donate that amount to the poor and spend of it in good causes for the benefit of the Muslims.

Shaykh `Abdur-Razzaaq `Afeefee
Fataawa wa Rasaa.il Shaykh `Abdur-Razzaaq `Afeefee – Page 474, Fatwa No.22             fatwaonline.com

The ruling about having shares in companies and banks
Question
: What is the ruling about having shares in companies and banks’? And is it permissible for a shareholder (in a company or a bank) to sell shares, specifically after he has become a shareholder himself, to offices dealing in buying and selling (stockbrokers)? And from that which is possible is selling them (the shares) for more than the price that the shareholder paid. So what is the ruling about the profit which the shareholder makes every year from the value of the shares bought? Continue reading

Having shares in the Islaamic Bank
Question
: The Islaamic Bank has shares for sale and the value of each share is one hundred and ten US dollars ($110). And that which we have understood is that the bank in question does not trade in ribaa and that the money from the sale of the shares will be used in trading activities which are free from any dealings in interest. The profits will then be divided amongst the shareholders. So out of concern of falling into that which is impermissible, we request you to give a fatwa about whether this is permissible or not. Continue reading

Having shares in the Saudi-American Bank
Question
: Advise us, may Allaah increase you in knowledge, about the ruling of having shares in the Saudi-American Bank. Is it ribaa, since it trades in interest and is based upon interest, as we know?

Response: The Saudi-American Bank and other banks, if they are based upon ribaa and trade inribaa, then it is not permissible to have shares in them. This is because it is regarded as assisting in sin and transgression, and Allaah has prohibited this, as He (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says:

{but do not help one another in sin and transgression}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 2].

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa        fatwaonline.com

Ruling concerning selling cigarettes and not smoking
Question
: I am a trader and buy cigarettes and for my trade, is this permissible for me, knowing that I do not smoke the cigarettes? Also, I have a television (in the shop) where the youth gather and watch football matches and soap operas and (as a result) they miss their salaah. Is it permissible for me to have this television under such circumstances? As my shop is next to the marketplace and between the masjid and me there is approximately 200 meters, I pray inside my shop and leave the congregational prayer. What is the ruling about my action? Continue reading

Ruling concerning farming tobacco and its profits
Question
: What is the Islaamic ruling regarding farming tobacco and the money earned by the farmers from selling it?

Response: It is not permissible to farm tobacco, or to sell it and nor to smoke it because it is haraam in many ways: due to its harmful effects on (one’s) health, due to its evilness and lack of benefit. (So) it is upon the Muslim to leave it (completely) and distance himself from it, not to farm it or trade in it because if Allaah has made something haraam then it’s trade is also haraam.

And Allaah knows best.

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa       fatwaonline.com

Ruling concerning selling cigarettes, and praying having just smoked
Question
: What is the Sharee’ah ruling regarding one who sells all types of cigarettes? I smoke and when I hear the mu.adhdhin, I enter the masjid. (So) is it obligatory upon me to repeat mywudhoo. or is it enough to just rinse my mouth, and I know that smoking causes various diseases?

Response: Selling cigarettes is haraam because of its evilness and many harmful effects, and one who does so becomes a faasiq (open sinner). It is not obligatory to repeat the wudhoo. as a result of smoking. However, it is legislated for him to remove the offending smell from his mouth with that which will do so, in addition to promptly seeking repentance from Allaah for that.

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa, comprising –
Head: Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez ibn Abdullaah ibn Baaz;
Deputy Head: Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee;
Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Ghudayyaan;
Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Qu’ood
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 13, Page 57, Question No.2 and 3 of Fatwa No.8982    fatwaonline.com

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