[2.101] And now that a Messenger has come to them from Allah confirming what was with them, some of those to whom the Book was given reject the Book of Allah behind their backs, as though they knew nothing
[2.102] and follow what the devils recited over the Kingdom of Solomon. Solomon did not disbelieve, it is the devils who disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was sent down upon the angels Harut and Marut in Babylon. They did not teach anyone, until both had said: ‘We have been sent as a trial; do not disbelieve. ‘ From them they learned how they might separate a husband and his wife. However, they did not harm anyone with it, except by the permission of Allah. Indeed, they learned what harms them and does not profit them, yet they knew that anyone who buys it would have no share in the Everlasting Life. Evil is that for which they have sold their souls, if they but knew!
[2.103] Had they believed and were cautious, far better for them would be the reward from Allah, if they but knew.
[2.104] ‘Believers, do not say ‘Observe us (Ra’ina, in Hebrew means evil) ‘, but instead say: “Look after us (Undhurna), and listen’ for the unbelievers is a painful punishment.
[2.105] The unbelievers among the People of the Book (Jews and Nazarenes) and the idolaters resent that any good should have been sent down to you from your Lord. But Allah chooses whom He will for His Mercy. And Allah is of great bounty.
[2.106] If We supersede any verse or cause it to be forgotten, We bring a better one or one similar. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things!
[2.107] Do you not know that it is to Allah that the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth belong, and that there is none, other than Him, to protect or help you!
[2.108] Would you rather demand of your Messenger that which was once demanded of Moses! He who exchanges belief for disbelief has surely strayed from the Right Path.
[2.109] Many of the People of the Book wish they might turn you back as unbelievers after you have believed, in envy of their souls, after the truth has been clarified to them. So pardon and forgive until Allah brings His command. Allah is Powerful over everything.
[2.110] Establish your prayers and pay the obligatory charity. Whatever good you shall forward for your soul you shall find it with Allah. He is the Seer of what you do.
[2.111] They say: ‘None but Jews and Nazarenes shall be admitted to Paradise. ‘ Such are their wishful fancies. Say: ‘Bring us your proof, if what you say is true. ‘
[2.112] Indeed, whoever submits his face to Allah and does good works shall be rewarded by his Lord; there they shall have nothing to fear nor shall they be saddened.
[2.113] The Jews say the Nazarenes are not on anything, and the Nazarenes say it is the Jews who are not on anything. Yet they both read the Book. And those who do not know say like their saying. Allah will judge between them their disputes on the Day of Resurrection.
[2.114] Who does greater harm than he who prevents His Name to be remembered in the Mosques of Allah and strives to destroy them? Those, they will not enter them except in fear. And for them shame in this world and a great punishment in the next.
[2.115] To Allah belong the east and the west. Whichever way you turn, there is the Face of Allah. He is the Embracer, the Knower.
[2.116] They say: ‘Allah has taken (to Himself) a son. ‘ Exaltations to Him (Allah). For Him is what is in the heavens and the earth, all are obedient to Him.
[2.117] Creator of the heavens and the earth! When He decrees a thing, He only says: ‘Be, ‘ and it is.
[2.118] And those who do not know say: ‘Why does not Allah speak to us or a sign come to us? ‘ Likewise, those who were before them said similar to their saying. Their hearts are alike. Indeed, We have clarified the signs to a nation who are certain.
[2.119] We have sent you (Prophet Muhammad) forth with the truth, a giver of glad tidings and a giver of warning. You shall not be questioned about the companions of Hell.
[2.120] You will please neither the Jews nor the Nazarenes unless you follow their creed. Say: ‘The guidance of Allah is the guidance. ‘ And if after all the knowledge you have been given you yield to their desires, you shall not have, other than Allah, either a guide or a helper.
[2.121] Those to whom We have given the Book, and who recite it as it ought to be read, truly believe in it; those who disbelieve it shall be the losers.
[2.122] Children of Israel, remember My favor which I bestowed upon you and that I preferred your (prophets among you) above the worlds.
[2.123] And fear a Day when no soul for another will compensate a thing, and no equivalent will be accepted from it, neither intercession will benefit it, nor shall they be helped.
[2.124] And when Abraham was tested by His Lord with certain words and he fulfilled them, He said: ‘I have appointed you as a leader for the nation. ‘ (Abraham) asked: ‘And of my descendants? ‘ ‘My covenant, ‘ said He, ‘the harmdoers shall not receive it. ‘
[2.125] And when We made the House (Ka’bah) a visitation and a sanctuary for the people (saying:) ‘Make the place where Abraham stood a place of prayer. ‘ And We made a covenant with Abraham and Ishmael: ‘Purify My House for those who circumambulate around it, and those who cleave to it, to those who bow and prostrate. ‘
[2.126] And when Abraham said: ‘My Lord, make this country safe and provide its inhabitants whosoever of them believes in Allah and the Last Day with fruits. ‘ He said: ‘And whosoever disbelieves, to him I shall give enjoyment for a while. Then I shall compel him to the punishment of the Fire, how evil an arrival. ‘
[2.127] And when Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundations of the House (supplicating): ‘O our Lord, accept this from us, You are the Hearer, the Knower.
[2.128] Our Lord, make us both submissive to You, and of our descendants a submissive nation to You. Show us our rites and accept us; You are the Receiver of Repentance, the Merciful.
[2.129] Our Lord, send among them a Messenger from them who shall recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom, and purify them; You are the Mighty, the Wise. ‘
[2.130] And who has no desire for the religion of Abraham, except he who fooled himself? We chose him in this world, and in the Everlasting world, he shall be among the righteous.
[2.131] When his Lord said to him: ‘Submit, ‘ he answered: ‘I have submitted to the Lord of the Worlds. ‘
[2.132] Abraham charged his children with this, and so did Jacob, saying: ‘My sons, Allah has chosen for you the religion. Do not die except being submissive (Muslims). ‘
[2.133] Or, were you witnesses when death came to Jacob! He said to his children: ‘What will you worship after me? ‘ They replied: ‘We will worship your God and the God of your forefathers, Abraham, Ishmael, and Isaac, the One God. To Him, we are submissive. ‘
[2.134] That was a nation that has passed away. Theirs is what they earned, and yours what you have earned. You shall not be questioned about what they did.
[2.135] They say: ‘Be Jews or Nazarenes and you shall be guided. ‘ Say: ‘No, rather the Creed of Abraham, the upright one. He was not among the idolaters. ‘
[2.136] Say: ‘We believe in Allah and that which is sent down to us, and in what was sent down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes; to Moses and Jesus and the Prophets from their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them, and to Him we are submissive (Muslims). ‘
[2.137] If they believe as you have believed they shall be guided; if they reject it, they shall surely be in clear dissension. Allah will suffice you. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
[2.138] The (indelible) marking of Allah. And who marks better than Allah! And for Him we are worshipers.
[2.139] Say: ‘Would you dispute with us about Allah, who is our Lord and your Lord? Our deeds belong to us and your deeds belong to you. We are sincere to Him. ‘
[2.140] Or do you say that Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes, were Jews or Nazarenes! Say: ‘Who knows better, you or Allah? Who is more unjust than he who hides a testimony received from Allah? And Allah is not inattentive of what you do. ‘
[2.141] That nation has passed away. Theirs is what they earned and yours what you have earned. You shall not be questioned about what they did.
[2.142] The fools among the people will say: ‘What has made them turn away from the direction they were facing? ‘ Say: ‘The east and the west belong to Allah. He guides whom He will to the Straight Path. ‘
[2.143] And so We have made you a median nation, in order that you will be a witness above the people, and that the Messenger be a witness above you. We did not change the direction that you were facing except that We might know who followed the Messenger from him who turned on both his heels. Though it was a hardship except for those whom Allah has guided. But Allah would never waste your faith. Indeed, Allah is Gentle with people, the Most Merciful.
[2.144] We have seen you turning your face towards the heaven, We shall surely turn you to a direction that shall satisfy you. So turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque (built by Abraham); wherever you are, turn your faces to it. ‘ Those to whom the Book was given know this to be the truth from their Lord. Allah is not inattentive of what they do.
[2. 145] But even if you brought those to whom the Book had been given every proof, they would not accept your direction, nor would you accept theirs; nor would any of them accept the direction of the other. If after all the knowledge you have been given you yield to their desires, then you will surely be among the harmdoers.
[2.146] Those to whom We gave the Book know him (Prophet Muhammad) as they know their own sons. But a party of them conceal the truth while they know.
[2.147] The truth comes from your Lord so do not be among the doubters.
[2.148] And for everyone is a direction for which he turns. So race in goodness. And wherever you are, Allah will bring you all together. He has power over all things.
[2.149] From wherever you emerge, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque. This is surely the truth from your Lord. Allah is never inattentive of what you do.
[2.150] From wherever you emerge, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque, and wherever you are, face towards it, so that the people will have no argument against you, except the harmdoers among them. Do not fear them, fear Me, so that I will perfect My Favor to you and that you will be guided.
[2.151] As We have sent among you a Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) from yourselves, to recite to you Our verses and to purify you, who will teach you the Book and Wisdom, and teach you that of which you have no knowledge.
[2.152] So remember Me, I will remember you. Give thanks to Me and do not be ungrateful towards Me.
[2.153] Believers, seek assistance in patience and prayer, Allah is with those who are patient.
[2.154] Do not say that those killed in the Way of Allah are dead, they are alive, although you are unaware.
[2.155] We shall test you with something of fear and hunger, and decrease of goods, life and fruits. Give glad tidings to the patient,
[2.156] who, in adversity say: ‘We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return. ‘
[2.157] On those will be prayers and mercy from their Lord, those are guided.
[2.158] Safah and Marwah are the waymarks of Allah. Whoever performs the pilgrimage to the House or the visit, there shall be no guilt on him to circumambulate between both of them. And whoever volunteers good, Allah is Thankful, the Knower.
[2.159] Those who hide the clear verses and the guidance We have sent down after We have clarified them in the Book for the people shall be cursed by Allah and cursed by the cursers,
[2.160] except those who repent, and mend (their deeds) and clarify. Those I shall accept them. I am the Receiver of repentance, the Most Merciful.
[2.161] But those who disbelieve, and die disbelieving shall incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all people.
[2.162] They are there (in the Fire) for eternity neither shall the punishment be lightened for them; nor shall they be given respite.
[2.163] Your God is One God. There is no god except He. He is the Merciful, the Most Merciful.
[2.164] In the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of night and day; in the ships that sail upon the sea with what is beneficial to the people; in the water which Allah sends down from the sky and with which He revives the earth after its death, and He spread in it from each moving (creation); in the movement of the winds, and in the clouds that are compelled between heaven and earth surely, these are signs for people who understand.
[2.165] And among the people are those who take to themselves rivals, other than Allah, loving them as Allah is loved. But those who believe are more loving to Allah. When the harmdoers see when they see the punishment because the power altogether belongs to Allah, and that Allah is firm in punishment,
[2.166] when those who were followed disown those who followed, and they see the punishment and relationships are broken off,
[2.167] those who followed them will say: ‘If only that we might return once, and disown them as they have disowned us. ‘ As such Allah will show them their own works to be regrets for them, and they shall never emerge from the Fire.
[2.168] People, eat of what is lawful and good on the earth and do not walk in satan’s footsteps, because he is for you a clear enemy,
[2.169] he orders you to commit evil and indecency and to assert about Allah what you do not know.
[2.170] When it is said to them: ‘Follow what Allah has sent down, ‘ they reply: ‘We will follow that which we found our fathers upon, ‘ even though their fathers did not understand anything and they were not guided.
[2.171] The likeness of those who disbelieve is as the likeness of he who calls to that which does not hear, except a shout and a voice. Deaf, dumb, and blind, they do not understand.
[2.172] Believers, eat of the good with which We have provided you and give thanks to Allah, if you really worship Him.
[2.173] He has forbidden you the dead, blood, and the flesh of swine, also that which is invoked to other than Allah. But whoever is constrained (to eat) any of these, not intending to sin or transgress, incurs no guilt. Allah is Forgiving and the Most Merciful.
[2.174] Those who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book and sell it for a small price shall swallow nothing but fire into their bellies. On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will neither speak to them nor purify them. Theirs shall be a painful punishment.
[2.175] Such are those who buy error for guidance, and punishment for pardon. How patiently they will be in the Fire.
[2.176] That is because Allah has sent down the Book with the truth; those who disagree about it are in extreme dissension.
[2.177] Righteousness is not whether you face towards the east or the west. But righteousness is to believe in Allah and the Last Day, in the angels and the Book, and the Prophets, and to give wealth however cherished, to kinsmen, to the orphans, to the needy, to the destitute traveler, and to the beggars, and to ransom the slave; who establish their prayers and pay the obligatory charity; who are true to their promise when they have promised. Who are patient in misfortune and hardship and during the time of courage. Such are the truthful; such are the cautious.
[2.178] Believers, retaliation is decreed for you concerning the killed. A free (man) for a free (man), a slave for a slave, and a female for a female. He who is pardoned by his brother, let the ensuing be with kindness, and let the payment be with generosity. This is an alleviation from your Lord and mercy. He who transgresses thereafter shall have a painful punishment.
[2.179] O owners of minds, for you in retaliation is life, in order that you be cautious.
[2.180] Written for any of you when death arrives, if he leaves behind goods, is the will for his parents and relatives with kindness. This is a duty incumbent on the cautious.
[2.181] Then, if anyone changes it after hearing it, the sin shall rest upon those who change it. Allah is Hearing and Knowing.
[2.182] He who fears injustice or sin on the part of a testator and brings about a settlement among the parties incurs no guilt. Allah is the Forgiver and the Most Merciful.
[2.183] Believers, fasting is decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you; perchance you will be cautious.
[2.184] (Fast) a certain number of days, but if any one of you is ill or on a journey let him (fast) a similar number of days later on; and for those who are unable (to fast), there is a ransom the feeding of a needy person. Whosoever volunteers good, it is good for him; but to fast is better for you, if you but knew.
[2.185] The month of Ramadan is the month in which the Koran was sent down, a guidance for people, and clear verses of guidance and the criterion. Therefore, whoever of you witnesses the month, let him fast. But he who is ill, or on a journey shall (fast) a similar number (of days) later on. Allah wants ease for you and does not want hardship for you. And that you fulfill the number of days and exalt Allah who has guided you in order that you be thankful.
[2.186] When My worshipers ask you about Me, I am near. I answer the supplication of the suppliant when he calls to Me; therefore, let them respond to Me and let them believe in Me, in order that they will be righteous.
[2.187] Permitted to you, on the night of the Fast, is the approach to your wives; they are raiments for you, as you are raiments for them. Allah knows that you have been deceiving yourselves. He has accepted and pardoned you. Therefore, you may now touch them and seek what Allah has ordained for you. Eat and drink until the white thread becomes clear to you from a black thread at the dawn. Then resume the fast till nightfall and do not touch them while you cleave to the mosques. These are the Bounds of Allah, do not come near them. As such He makes known His verses to people so that they will be cautious.
[2.188] Do not consume your wealth between you in falsehood; neither propose it to judges, in order that you sinfully consume a portion of the people’s wealth, while you know.
[2.189] They question you about the crescents. Say: ‘They are times fixed for people and for the pilgrimage. ‘ Righteousness does not consist in entering dwellings from the back. But righteousness is he who wardsoff (sin). Enter dwellings by their doors and fear Allah, so that you will prosper.
[2.190] Fight in the way of Allah those who fight against you, but do not aggress. Allah does not love the aggressors.
[2.191] Kill them wherever you find them. Drive them out of the places from which they drove you. Dissension is greater than killing. But do not fight them by the Holy Mosque unless they attack you there; if they fight you, kill them. Like this is the recompense of the unbelievers,
[2.192] but if they desist, know that Allah is the Forgiver and the Most Merciful.
[2.193] Fight against them until there is no dissension, and the religion is for Allah. But if they desist, there shall be no aggression except against the harmdoers.
[2.194] The sacred month for the sacred month, prohibitions are (subject to) retaliation. If any one aggresses against you, so aggress against him with the likeness of that which he has aggressed against you. Fear Allah, and know that Allah is with the cautious.
[2.195] Spend in the way of Allah and do not cast into destruction with your own hands. Be gooddoers; Allah loves the gooddoers.
[2.196] Fulfill the pilgrimage and make the visitation for Allah. If you are prevented, then whatever offering that may be easy. And do not shave your heads until the offerings have reached their destination. But if any of you is ill or suffers from an ailment of the head (scalp), he must pay a ransom either by fasting or by the giving of charity, or by offering a sacrifice. When you are safe, then whosoever enjoys the visitation until the pilgrimage, let his offering be that which may be easy, but if he lacks the means, let him fast three days during the pilgrimage and seven when he has returned, that is, ten days in all. That is for him whose family is not present at the Holy Mosque. And fear Allah and know that He is firm in inflicting punishment.
[2.197] The pilgrimage is in the appointed months. (For) whosoever undertakes the pilgrimage there is no approaching (women), neither transgression nor disputing in the pilgrimage. Allah is Aware of whatever good you do. Provide well for yourselves, the best provision is piety. Fear Me, O owners of minds.
[2.198] It shall be no offense for you to seek the bounty of your Lord. When you surge on from Arafat, remember Allah as you approach the Holy Mountain of Mash’ar. Remember Him as it is He who guided you though before that you were amongst the astray.
[2.199] Then surge on from where the people surge and ask Allah for forgiveness. He is Forgiving and the Most Merciful.