Question: Is the fasting of the six days (of Shawwaal) a must after the month of Ramadhaan immediately after the day of ‘eed, or is it permissible (to do so) after ‘eed by (a number of) days in the month of Shawwaal or not?
Response: It is not a must for him to fast immediately after ‘eed al-fitr, rather it is permissible to begin fasting after ‘eed by a day or (a number of) days. And (also) to fast them continuously or intermittently in the month of Shawwaal according to that which is easy for him. And the issue is quite open in this matter, and it is not obligatory, rather it is a sunnah.
Eid Prayer consists of two Rak’ahs
The Eid prayer is one where the imam attends and leads the people in praying two rak’ahs. ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The prayer of al-Fitr is two rak’ahs and the prayer of al-Adha is two rak’ahs, complete and not shortened, on the tongue of your Prophet, and the one who fabricates lies is doomed.” Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 1420 and Ibn Khuzaymah. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i. Continue reading
Question: What is the ruling regarding the congregational takbeer for the `Eed prayer.
Response: It has been legislated for a person to make takbeer from his home to the musallaa (area designated for the `Eed prayer), and whilst at the musallaa he should audibly (continue to) do so, each person unto himself, such that the place vibrates with the (sound of the) takbeer. As for them mutually agreeing to start and finish together (in congregation), then there is nothing (evidence) to indicate the permissibility of the congregational takbeer, and it has not been legislated.
Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee
Fataawa wa Rasaa.il Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee – Volume 1, Page 187-188, Fatwa No.14. fatwaonline.com
Though all parts of Ramadan are full of blessings and rewards, its last ten days hold a special status reflected in the recommendations and practices of the Messenger of Allah, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam, and his companions. I will focus here on three major practices of the Prophet, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam, and his companions during these days.
1-Praying in the last ten nights of Ramadan
Al-Bukhari and Muslim record from ‘Aishah that during the last ten days of Ramadan, the Messenger of Allah would wake his wives up during the night and then remain apart from them (that is, being busy in acts of worship). A narration in Muslim states: “He would strive [to do acts of worship] during the last ten days of Ramadan more than he would at any other time.”
Aisha reported that With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers. [Bukhari]
2-Performing I`tikaf in the Masjid (seclusion in the Mosque)
Zakatul-Fitr is one Sa` (2 kilos, 40 gms) of food that a man offers at the end of Ramadan. Its reason is showing gratitude to Allah for His Favors by completing the month of Ramadan. When the sun of the last day sets, it becomes obligatory to pay it. Zakatul-Fitr is an obligatory duty which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordained as `Abdullah ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: “Allah ’s Messenger (peace be upon him) made it obligatory to pay sadaqat-ul-Fitr of Ramadan at a Sa` of dates or barley on every freeman or slave, male or female of the Muslims.” [Reported by Al Bukhari and Muslim].
Ibn `Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) prescribed the sadaqah (alms) relating to the breaking of the fast as a purification of the fasting from empty and obscene talk and as food for the poor.” [Reported by Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, and Al Hakim who graded it as authentic].
It is obligatory on every Muslim whether a male or female, young or old. It is desirable to pay it on behalf of embryo.
As for the time of paying it, it has two times: A virtuous time and permissible time. As for the virtuous time, it is the morning of the `Eid day before Salah due to the Hadith of Sa`id Al Khudry (may Allah be pleased with him) who narrated: “In the life-time of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), we used to give one Sa ‘ of food (edible things) as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (to the poor).” [Reported by Al Bukhari and Muslim]
As for the time of permissibility, it is one or two days before `Eid due to the Hadith of Nafi` who reported that Ibn `Umar used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr for every young and old person. He even used to give on behalf of my children. Ibn ‘Umar used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr to those who had been officially appointed for its collection. People used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (even) a day or two before the `Eid. It is not permissible to delay it after the `Eid Salah. So, if a person delays it after the `Eid Salah without an acceptable cause, it shall not be accepted because he has disagreed the action of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Baihaqi reported on the authority of Salman Al-Farsi (Radhi Allah ‘Anh) that Prophet (‘Alaihi Salat was-Salam) delivered a sermon on the last day of the month of Sha’ban. In it he (‘Alaihi Salat was-Salam) said,
“O People! The month of Allah (Ramadan) has come with its mercies, blessings and forgivenesses. Allah has decreed this month the best of all months. The days of this month are the best among the days and the nights are the best among the nights and the hours during Ramadan are the best among the hours. This is a month in which you have been invited by Him (to fast and pray). Allah has honoured you in it. In every breath you take is a reward of Allah, your sleep is worship, your good deeds are accepted and your invocations are answered.
Therefore, you must invoke your Lord in all earnestness with hearts free from sin and evil, and pray that Allah may help you to keep fast, and to recite the Holy Qur’an. Indeed!, miserable is the one who is deprived of Allah’s forgiveness in this great month. While fasting remember the hunger and thirst on the Day of Judgement. Give alms to the poor and needy. Pay respect to your elders, have sympathy for your youngsters and be kind towards your relatives and kinsmen. Guard your tongue against unworthy words, and your eyes from scenes that are not worth seeing (forbidden) and your ears from sounds that should not be heard.
Be kind to orphans so that if your children may become orphans they will also be treated with kindness. Do repent to Allah for your sins and supplicate with raised hands at the times of prayer as these are the best times, during which Allah Almighty looks at His servants with mercy. Allah Answers if they supplicate, Responds if they call, Grants if He is asked, and Accepts if they entreat. O people! you have made your conscience the slave of your desires. Continue reading