AL-QURAN
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Al-Fathby Saud Al-Shuraim
وَامْرَأَتُهُ قَائِمَةٌ فَضَحِكَتْ فَبَشَّرْنَاهَا بِإِسْحَاقَ وَمِنْ وَرَاءِ إِسْحَاقَ يَعْقُوبَ
His wife who stood near, laughed as We gave her the good news of Isaac, and after Isaac of Jacob.

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General Fatwa

صلاة الكسوف - ويكيبيدياQuestion

It is now known that eclipse is nothing but a normal process that occurs after a regular interval (that can be known) of the moon coming between the sun & the earth. Then why was it that Holy Prophet(pbuh) used to pray at that time, though it didn’t cause any danger!?

Praise be to Allah.

When the sun was eclipsed at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), he commanded someone to call out “al-salaatu jaami’ah (prayer is about to begin)”, and he led the people in prayer. Then he addressed them and explained to them the reason for the eclipse, and declared their jaahili beliefs to be null and void. He explained to them what they should do, such as praying and making du’aa’ and giving in charity. He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The sun and the moon are two of the signs of Allaah; they do not become eclipsed for the death or life of anyone. If you see that then call upon Allaah and magnify Him, and pray, and give in charity.” The Muslims did not know when an eclipse would happen, but when it did happen, they would hasten to do what Allaah had prescribed, such as praying etc.

 When an eclipse happened, they would be afraid that is was a warning of impending disaster, so they would turn to Allaah and pray to Him to ward off that which they feared. When astronomy and the calculations of the movements of the sun and moon became well known in later times, and it became known that the experts could know when an eclipse was likely to happen, the scholars (‘ulamaa’) pointed out that this did not change the ruling, and that the Muslims still had to do what they were commanded to do at the time of an eclipse, even if they knew about it in advance.But it is not prescribed to concern ourselves with the matter of predicting eclipses, because that is not what Allaah and His Messenger commanded us to do. The scholars also explained that an eclipse may be a sign or a cause of something bad happening to people. When the questioner says that eclipses do not cause hrm, she is speaking without knowledge and objecting to the sharee’ah of Allaah. People do not necessarily know of the events which Allaah causes to happen at the time of an eclipse, and some people may know about that whilst others do not. It could be that because of the Muslims’ prayers, Allaah wards off bad things which are known only to Him. The Muslim must submit to the ruling of Allaah and act in accordance with His sharee’ah, and have faith in His wisdom, because He is the All-Knowing, All-Wise, may He be glorified and exalted.

 (Written by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Barraak).

 Solar and lunar eclipses are two of the signs of Allaah with which He scares His slaves and reminds them of some of the things which will happen on the Day of Resurrection, when the sun will be wound round and will lose its light and be overthrown and the stars will fall (cf. al-Takweer 81:1), and the sight will be dazed, the moon will be eclipsed and the sun and moon will be joined together (by going into one another, or folded up, or deprived of their light) (al-Qiyaamah 75:8-9). This is why Muslims should be alarmed by eclipses. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fear Allaah very much, and one day he came out in an agitated state, thinking that the Hour had begun, when the sun was eclipsed during his lifetime… This is indicative of the great extent to which he kept the Hour in mind and feared it. We, on the other hand, have become negligent and most people no longer think of eclipses as anything other than a natural phenomenon which they go out to watch with special glasses, carrying cameras. They limit themselves to the worldly scientific explanation without understanding the reminder of the Hereafter which it brings. This is one of the signs of hard-heartedness and a lack of concern about the matters of the Hereafter. It reflects a lack of fear of the onset of the Hour, and ignorance of the aims of sharee’ah and the reports that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to feel fear when these eclipses happened. The Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) used to stand to pray the eclipse prayer, because they believed that if indeed the Hour had come, they would not then be counted negligent of their prayer, and if this eclipse was nothing to do with the Hour, then they would not lose anything by praying, for they would have earned a great reward. We ask Allaah to make us among those who fear Him and who are afraid of the Hour. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad.

24844alsh3erAllah the almighty, sent the last prophet Mohammad ( pbuh ) to rescue and guide  the humanity to the right path. In addition, Allah the almighty revealed the guided book to be the last book to guide humanbeings to their creator who deserves to be worshipped. By sending the prophet Mohammad ( pbuh ) and revealing the holy Qura’an , the message of Islam was completed and perfected and no one can increase or decrease anything upon it and no one also has an excuse to avoid or to be away of this universal religion, which carries all happiness , welfare and justice for all mankind. Allah said in the holy Qura’an ( اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا) which means ” I have perfected your religion for you, comleted my favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”. Moreover, Allah the almighty told us through his messenger ( pbuh ) that the Qura’an guides to that which is the most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers who work deeds of righteousness , that they shall have a great reward ( the paradise ). Qura’an 15/400.

Question

I heard that fasting the day of ‘Ashoora’ expiates for the past year, is this true? 
Does it expiate for everything, even major sins? What is the reason for venerating this day?.

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

Firstly: 

Fasting the day of ‘Ashoora’ does expiate for the past year, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Fasting the day of ‘Arafah I hope Allaah will expiate thereby for the year before it and the year after it, and fasting the day of ‘Ashoora’ I hope Allaah will expiate thereby for the year that came before it.” Narrated by Muslim, 1162. This is by the bounty that Allaah bestows upon us, whereby fasting one day expiates for the sins of a whole year. And Allaah is the Owner of great bounty. 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to be very keen to make sure he fasted on the day of ‘Ashoora’ because of its great status. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I never saw the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) so keen to make sure he fasted any day and preferring it over another except this day, the day of ‘Ashoora’, and this month – meaning Ramadaan. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1867. 

What is meant by being keen to make sure he fasted it is so as to earn its reward. 

Secondly: 

With regard to the reason why the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fasted on the day of ‘Ashoora’ and urged the people to do likewise is mentioned in the hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhaari (1865) from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to Madeenah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Ashoora’. He said, “What is this?” They said, “This is a good day, this is the day when Allaah saved the Children of Israel from their enemy and Moosa fasted on this day.” He said, “We are closer to Moosa than you.” So he fasted on this day and told the people to fast. 

The words “this is a good day” – according to a version narrated by Muslim, “This is a great day when Allaah saved Moosa and his people and drowned Pharaoh and his people.” 

The words “so Moosa fasted on this day” – Muslim added in his report: “In gratitude to Allaah, so that is we fast on this day.” 

According to another version narrated by al-Bukhaari, “So we fast it out of respect for it.” 

The words “and told the people to fast” – according to another version narrated by al-Bukhaari, “He said to his companions, ‘You are closer to Moosa than them, so fast this day.” 

Thirdly: 

The expiation of sins that is achieved by fasting ‘Ashoora’ refers to minor sins; with regard to major sins, they need separate repentance. 

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: 

Fasting the day of ‘Arafaah expiates for all minor sins, in othr words this brings forgiveness for all sins except for major sins. 

Then he said: 

 

Fasting the day of ‘Arafaah is an expiation for two years, and the day of ‘Ashoora is an expiation for one year, and if a person’s Ameen coincides with the Ameen of the angels, his previous sins will be forgiven… Each of the things mentioned may bring expiation. If he does something that expiates for minor sins he will be expiated, and if there are no minor or major sins, it will be recorded for him as good deeds and he will rise in status thereby… If there is one or more major sins and no minor sins, we hope that it will reduce his major sins.  Al-Majmoo’ Sharh al-Muhadhdhab, part 6. 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The expiation of purification, prayer, and fasting Ramadaan, ‘Arafah and ‘Ashoora’ applies to minor sins only.  Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ruling concerning wishing for death due to harm that has come

Question: I have faced so many difficulties in my life that it has made me hate this life. Every time I turned to Allaah, I pleaded for Him to take my life away from me at the earliest. This is my wish until now as I do not see any solutions to my problems except death; it is the only thing that can save me from this punishment. Is this behavior forbidden for me? Continue reading

He had stolen a camel and instructed his son to return it after his death

Question: The Shaykh was asked regarding a bedouin man who had stolen a camel, and when death approached him he instructed his son to return it (to it`s owner), however, his son does not know who the owner is?

Response: He should estimate the current price of the camel, i.e. on the day he intends to return (the camel) and not the day the camel was stolen, and then he should donate that amount to the poor and spend of it in good causes for the benefit of the Muslims.

Shaykh `Abdur-Razzaaq `Afeefee
Fataawa wa Rasaa.il Shaykh `Abdur-Razzaaq `Afeefee – Page 474, Fatwa No.22             fatwaonline.com

The ruling about having shares in companies and banks
Question
: What is the ruling about having shares in companies and banks’? And is it permissible for a shareholder (in a company or a bank) to sell shares, specifically after he has become a shareholder himself, to offices dealing in buying and selling (stockbrokers)? And from that which is possible is selling them (the shares) for more than the price that the shareholder paid. So what is the ruling about the profit which the shareholder makes every year from the value of the shares bought? Continue reading

Having shares in the Islaamic Bank
Question
: The Islaamic Bank has shares for sale and the value of each share is one hundred and ten US dollars ($110). And that which we have understood is that the bank in question does not trade in ribaa and that the money from the sale of the shares will be used in trading activities which are free from any dealings in interest. The profits will then be divided amongst the shareholders. So out of concern of falling into that which is impermissible, we request you to give a fatwa about whether this is permissible or not. Continue reading

Having shares in the Saudi-American Bank
Question
: Advise us, may Allaah increase you in knowledge, about the ruling of having shares in the Saudi-American Bank. Is it ribaa, since it trades in interest and is based upon interest, as we know?

Response: The Saudi-American Bank and other banks, if they are based upon ribaa and trade inribaa, then it is not permissible to have shares in them. This is because it is regarded as assisting in sin and transgression, and Allaah has prohibited this, as He (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says:

{but do not help one another in sin and transgression}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 2].

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa        fatwaonline.com

Ruling concerning selling cigarettes and not smoking
Question
: I am a trader and buy cigarettes and for my trade, is this permissible for me, knowing that I do not smoke the cigarettes? Also, I have a television (in the shop) where the youth gather and watch football matches and soap operas and (as a result) they miss their salaah. Is it permissible for me to have this television under such circumstances? As my shop is next to the marketplace and between the masjid and me there is approximately 200 meters, I pray inside my shop and leave the congregational prayer. What is the ruling about my action? Continue reading

Ruling concerning farming tobacco and its profits
Question
: What is the Islaamic ruling regarding farming tobacco and the money earned by the farmers from selling it?

Response: It is not permissible to farm tobacco, or to sell it and nor to smoke it because it is haraam in many ways: due to its harmful effects on (one’s) health, due to its evilness and lack of benefit. (So) it is upon the Muslim to leave it (completely) and distance himself from it, not to farm it or trade in it because if Allaah has made something haraam then it’s trade is also haraam.

And Allaah knows best.

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa       fatwaonline.com

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