Forms of Pilgrimage.

There are three forms of Hajj: T a m a t t u ' - I f r a a d - Q i r a n
T ama t t u ' : A pilgrim wears Ihram for Umrah only during the months of
Hajj, which means when a pilgrim reaches Makkah, he/she makes Tawaf
and Sa'yi for Umrah. Then shaves or clips the hair. On the day of
Tarwiya, which is the eighth of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim puts on his Ihram for
Hajj only and carries out all of its requirements.
Ifraad: A pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj only. When he reaches Makkah,
he performs Tawaf for his arrival and Sa'yi for Hajj. He doesn't shave or
clip- his hair as he doesn't disengage from Ihram. Instead, he remains in
Ihram till after he stones Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day. It is permissible
for him to postpone his Sa'yi for Hajj until after his Tawaf for Hajj.
Qi ran: A pilgrim wears Ihram for both Umrah and Hajj or he wears
Ihram first for Umrah, then makes intentions for Hajj before his Tawaf for
Hajj. The obligations on one performing Ifraad are the same as those on
one performing Qiran, except that the latter must slaughter whereas the
former is not obligated to do so. The best of the three forms is Tamattu'. It
is the form that the prophet-may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon
him encouraged his followers to perform.
Even if a pilgrim makes intentions to perform Qiran or Ifraad he is
allowed to change his intentions to Tamattu'; he can do this even after he
has performed Tawaf and Sa'yi.
When the Prophet -- may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him--
performed Tawaf and Sa'yi during the year of the Farewell Hajj with his
companions, he ordered all those who hadn't brought sacrificial animals to
change their intentions for Hajj to intentions for Umrah. cut their hair, and
disengage from Ihram till Hajj. He said, " If I hadn't brought the
sacrificial animal, I'd have done what I've ordered you to do."The Umrah
If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for Umrah, he should shed his
clothing and bathe as he would after sexual defilement, if convenient. He
should perfume his head and beard with the best oil he can find. There is
no harm in what remains of it after Ihram.
Bathing for Ihram is Sunnah for both men and women, including
menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding. After
bathing and preparing himself, a. pilgrim, other than those menstruating or
experiencing post- natal bleeding, prays the obligatory prayer, if it is time.
Otherwise, he makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rakass which
are made each time Wudhu is performed.
When he finishes his prayer he should say: "Here I am for
Umrah--here I am, Oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner.
Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no
partner." [Talbeeyah]. A man raises his voice when saying this and a
woman says it so that only one beside her may hear her.
One in Ihram should say the Talbeeyah as often as possible,
especially when times and places change. For example: when descending or
ascending during travel or when day or night approach. He should also ask
Allah for His pleasure, for Heaven and seek refuge in Allah's mercy from
One should say the Talbeeyah during Umrah, starting from the time
he puts on his Ihram till he starts Tawaf. During Hajj he should say it
starting from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts to stone Jamrah
Al- Aqaba on the Eid day.
When a pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque he puts forth his right foot
first and says: "In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon the
Messenger of Allah. Oh Allah, forgive me my sins and open to me the
doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and in His
Eminent Face and in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan." He
approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If
this isn't possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it. It is best
not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by other people.
When touching the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following: "In the name
of Allah, Allah is the greatest. Oh, Allah, with faith in you, belief in Your
book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet
Muhammad--may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him."A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Ka'bah on his left. When he
reaches the Rukn Al Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say: " Our
Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from
the punishment of the Hell-fire. Oh Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness and
health in this life and in the Hereafter." Each time he passes the Black Stone
he should say: "Allah is the Greatest."
During the remainder of his Tawaf he may say what he pleases of
supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of Quran. This is because
Tawaf, Sa'yi, and Stoning the Jamrah have been devised for the purpose of
mentioning Allah. During this Tawaf it is necessary for a man to do two
• Al-ldhtebaa' from the beginning of Tawaf until the end. Al-ldhtebaa'
means placing the middle of one's Reda' under his right arm and the
ends of it over his left shoulder. When he is finished performing
Tawaf, he may return his Reda' to its original state because the time for
Idhtebaa' is only during Tawaf.
• Al-Raml during the first three circuits. Al-Raml means speeding up
one's pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace
during his last four circuits. When he completes seven circuits of
Tawaf, he approaches Maqam Ibrahim and recites: "And take ye the
station of Abraham as a place of Prayer" Chapter 2, Verse 125 [2:125].
He prays two short Rakaas, as close as conveniently possible, behind
Maqam Ibrahim. During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun
[Chapter 109] and during the second one Surah Al- lkhlas[Chapter 112].
When he completes the two Rakaas he should return to the Black Stone
and touch it, if convenient. He goes out to the Mesa'a and when he
nears As-Safaa he recites: " Verily As- Safaa and Al-Marwah are among
the shrines of Allah" [2:158].
He ascends As-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka'bah. Facing the
Ka'bah and raising his hands, he praises Allah and makes any supplications
he chooses. The Prophet--may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon
him--prayed thus: "There is no Deity but Allah alone," three times,
supplicating in between.
He descends As-Safaa and heads for Al- Marwah at a normal pace
until he reaches the green marker. He should then run fast until the next
green marker. He continues toward Al- Marwah at a normal pace. When he
reaches it, he ascends it, faces the Qibla, raises his hands and repeats what
he said on As-Safaa. He descends Al-Marwah heading towards As-Safaa,taking care to walk where walking is designated, and run where running is
He continues this procedure until he completes seven laps. Going
from As-Safaa to Al-Marwah is a lap and returning is another lap. During
his Sa'yi he may recite what he wills of supplications, recitation of
Qur'an, and mentioning Allah.
In completion of Sa'yi he shaves his head. A woman clips her hair
the length of a finger tip. Shaving is preferable, except when Hajj is near
and there isn't sufficient time for hair to grow back. In this case it's best to
clip so that hair will remain for shaving during Hajj. With that, Umrah is
completed. and a pilgrim is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume
and engage in marital relations, etc.
The Hajj
In the forenoon of the eighth day of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim purifies
himself once again by bathing as he did before Umrah in the place in which
he is staying, if convenient. He puts on his Ihram and says: " Here I am for
Hajj. Here I am, oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner.
Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no
If he fears that something will prevent him from completing his Hajj
he should make a condition when he makes his intentions, saying: " If I am
prevented by any obstacle my place is wherever I am held up." If he has no
such fear, he doesn't make this condition.
A pilgrim goes to Mina and there prays Dhuhr, Asr, Magrib, Isha
and Fajr, shortening his four unit prayers so as to make them two units
each, without combining them.
When the sun rises, he goes to Arafah and there prays Dhuhr and
Asr combined at the time of Dhuhr, making each one two units. He remains
in Namira Mosque until sunset if possible. He remembers Allah and makes
as many supplications as possible while facing the Qibla.
The Prophet--may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon
him--prayed thus: "There is no Deity but Allah alone. He has no partner.
All dominion and praise are His and He is powerful over all things.If he grows weary it is permissible for him to engage in beneficial
conversation with his companions or reading what he can find of beneficial
books, especially those concerning Allah's grace and abundant gifts. This
will strengthen his hope in Allah. He should then return to his
supplications and be sure to spend the end of the day deep in supplication
because the best of supplication is the supplication of the day of Arafah.
At sunset he goes from Arafah to Muzdalifah and there prays
Magrib, Isha, and Fajr. If he is tired or has little water, it is permissible
for him to combine Magrib and Isha. If he fears that he will not reach
Muzdalifah until after midnight, he should pray before he reaches it for it
is not permissible to delay prayer until after midnight. He remains there, in
Muzdalifah, making supplications and remembering Allah till just before
If he is weak and cannot handle the crowd during Ar-Ramy, it is
permissible for him to go to Mina at the end of the night to stone the
Jamrah before the arrival of the crowd. Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes from
Muzdalifah to Mina. Upon reaching it he does the following:
• He throws seven consecutive pebbles at Jamrah Al-Aqaba which is the
closest monument to Makkah, saying Greatest," as he : "Allah is the
throws each pebble.
• He slaughters the sacrificial animal, eats some of it, and gives some to
the poor. Slaughter is obligatory on the Mutamati and Qiran.
• He shaves or clips his hair; shaving is preferable. A woman clips her
hair the length of a finger-tip.
These three should be done in the above order if convenient, but
there is no
restriction if one precedes another.
With that, one is allowed to come out of Ihram. He can wear other
clothing and do everything that was lawful before Ihram except engaging
in marital relations. He goes to Makkah to perform Tawaf Al-lfadha and
Sa'yi, also for Hajj. It is Sunnah to put perfume on before going to
With the completion of this Tawaf and Sa'yi, a pilgrim is allowed to
do everything that was lawful before Ihram, including engaging in maritalrelations. After performing Tawaf and Sa'yi, he returns to Mina to spend
the nights of the eleventh and twelfth days there.
He stones the three Jamrah in the afternoon of both the eleventh and
twelfth days. He starts with the first Jamrah, which is furthest from
Makkah, then the middle one, and lastly Jamrah Al-Aqaba. Each one should
be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbeer. He
stops after the first and middle Jamrah to make supplications facing the
Qibla. It is not permissible to stone before noon on these two days. It is
best to walk to the Jamrah, but riding is permissible.
If he is in a hurry after stoning on the twelfth day, he leaves Mina
before sunset. But if he wishes to prolong his stay, which is best, he spends
the night of the thirteenth in Mina and stones that afternoon in the same
manner as on the twelfth day.
When he is ready to return to his country, he makes Tawaf
Al-Wadaa, which is seven circuits around the Ka'bah. Menstruating women
and women experiencing postnatal discharge are not obligated to perform
Tawaf Al -Wadaa.
Vi s i t i n g T h e P r o p h e t ' s Mo s q u e
1. A pilgrim goes to Madina before or after Hajj with the intention of
visiting the Prophet's mosque and praying in it. Prayer there is better than
a thousand prayers elsewhere except in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.
2. Upon reaching the mosque he prays two Rakaas of salutation or
performs any obligatory prayer that is due.
3. He goes to the grave of the Prophet -may the peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him -- and he stands before it. He greets him saying the "
May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be upon you, oh Prophet.
May Allah grant you a good reward on behalf of your people. " He takes a
step or two to his right to position himself before Abu-Bakr and greets him
saying : "May the peace, mercy, and blessing of Allah be upon you. oh
Abu-Bakr, Caliph of the Messenger of Allah. May Allah be pleased with
you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's people." Then
he takes a step or two to his right to position himself before Umar and
greets him saying: " May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon
you, oh Umar, Prince of the believers. May Allah be pleased with you and
grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's people."4. In a state of purity, he goes to pray in Qubaa Mosque.
5. He goes to Al-Baqee to visit Uthman's grave-- may Allah be pleased with
him. He stands before it and greets him saying: "May the peace, mercy and
blessing of Allah be upon you, oh Uthman--Prince of the believers. May
Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of
Muhammad's people." He greets any other Muslims in Al-Baqee.
6. He goes to Uhud and visits the grave of Hamza--may Allah be pleased
with him--and the other martyrs there with him. He greets them and preys
to Allah to grant them forgiveness, mercy, and pleasure.
No t i f i c a t i o n
The following is incumbent upon the Muhrim for Hajj or Umrah:
1. That he be committed to Allah's religious obligations upon him such as
prayer in its time (in congregation for men).
2. That he avoids what Allah has prohibited such as obscenity, inequity, and
disobedience. if anyone undertakes Hajj therein. Let there be no obscenity,
nor wickedness, nor wrangling during Hajj ~ [2:197].
3. That he avoids harming the Muslims with words or actions within the
Masha'ir or elsewhere.
4. That he avoids all of the restrictions of Ihram:
a. He shouldn't cause the loss of any of his hair or nails. A prick by a
thorn and the like is unobjectionable, even if there is bleeding.
b. He shouldn't perfume himself, his clothing, his food or his drink 
after entering Ihram. He should also abstain from cleansing himself 
with scented soap. There is no harm in what remains of the effect of
perfume used prior to Ihram.
c. He shouldn't touch, kiss, etc. his spouse out of passion and, even 
worse, shouldn't have sexual intercourse.
d. He shouldn't be wed or propose to a woman for himself or others.e. He shouldn't wear gloves, although there is no harm in wrapping 
the hands in cloth. This ruling goes for both men and women.
The following pertains specifically to men:
a. He cannot cover his head with something that touches it, although 
there is no harm in the use of an umbrella, the roof of a car or tent 
for shade. There is also no harm in carrying his baggage atop his 
b. He cannot wear a shirt, turban, hooded cloak trousers, or shoes. 
Only if he is unable to obtain an Ezar or sandals can he wear 
trousers or shoes.
c. He cannot wear anything with the same qualities of the above 
mentioned such as an Abea', Qubaa, hat, undershirt, etc.
It is permissible for him to wear sandals, rings, glasses, a hearing
aid. a watch, worn on his wrist or hung from his neck, or a speech aid. It is
permissible for him to cleanse himself with unscented cleansers and to wash
and scratch his head and body, even if some of his hair falls
unintentionally. In such a case there is no obligation on him because of it.
A woman cannot wear a Niqab or Burqa'. The Sunnah is for her to
uncover her face except if men not related to her might see her, in which
case it is obligatory for her to cover her face during Ihram and otherwise.
Allah is the giver of success. May His blessings be upon our Prophet
Muhammad and all of his family and companions.
By the needy before Allah, Muhammad As-Salih Al-Uthaimeen. source Imanway site.
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